For decades we have enjoyed a reliable supply of electricity. Until now, most of that electricity has come from coal-fired power stations in Gippsland.
As our coal-fired power stations retire, after decades of great service, renewable generation will fill the supply gap. For renewables to work, they will be in the sunniest and windiest parts of the country. These are not the same places where coal generators are located.
Because these new sources of electricity are in different places, existing powerlines cannot bring the energy to where it is needed.
While we will continue to use the existing powerlines to the extent possible, we need to build new transmission lines to connect these new generators, with our homes, schools and businesses.
The Victoria to New South Wales Interconnector (VNI West), is a proposed 500 kV overhead transmission line, that connects the Western Renewables Link in Victoria to EnergyConnect in New South Wales.
It will strengthen the grid connection between Victoria and New South Wales, improving the reliability and security of the grid in both states.
VNI West is one of five actionable projects in the 2022 Integrated System Plan (ISP) and critical to maintaining reliable electricity supply for all Victorians as coal-fired generation is switched off.
Coal generation is retiring, putting the reliability of our electricity supply at risk. Renewables can bridge this gap, but this generation is dotted around the landscape and requires new transmission to connect it to our homes, schools and workplaces.
Coal generation is rapidly retiring, putting the reliability of our electricity supply at risk. Renewables can bridge this gap, but this generation is not located in the same places.
New transmission is needed to connect new renewable generation to our homes, schools and workplaces.
Australia’s commitments to emissions reductions and renewables can only be achieved reliably and affordably if we build new transmission in Victoria. In addition, we will continue to make as much use of existing transmission capacity as possible. This is not an either-or situation.
AEMO is an independent, not-for-profit company that manages the gas and electricity systems and markets across Australia. AEMO’s role is to ensure that everyone has access to affordable, secure and reliable energy today and into the future.
In the National Electricity Market (NEM), AEMO is responsible for planning and operating the electricity system and markets.
Under the rules of the NEM, each state has a transmission network service provider (TNSP) who is responsible for planning the transmission network. AEMO Victorian Planning (AVP) has that responsibility in Victoria. Unlike TNSPs in other states, AVP does not own transmission assets.
In most instances, a competitive process is run to determine who will build, own and operate the transmission lines.
Transmission Company Victoria (TCV) is a new company created by AEMO Victorian Planning to progress the VNI West transmission project.
TCV is currently in the process of applying for a transmission licence in Victoria, which is a normal step for providers of electricity transmission infrastructure in the state.
A transmission licence enables the holder to transmit electricity and operate the transmission infrastructure, and will also support the land access, planning and environment approvals work.
TCV will discuss the VNI West transmission project with landholders, Traditional Owners and the community to understand local concerns and ensure that commitments made in the early stages are captured and honoured across the life of the project.
TCV will provide early project updates and will work with the community on this important transmission line. For more information, head to www.transmissionvictoria.com.au.
While visual impacts and bushfire risk are reduced, undergrounding raises its own issues. A concrete trench must be installed to house the transmission, which causes significant disturbance to flora and fauna. There are many restrictions associated with farming activities above an underground line, and maintenance and repairs are more difficult and disruptive.
Underground lines do not enable as much connection with renewable generation along the route.
In addition, the cost of undergrounding is generally much greater compared to overhead lines and would add to the time construction would take – recognising that transmission projects are ultimately paid for by electricity consumers.
A recent study commissioned for the NSW HumeLink project noted that undergrounding would triple the project cost and add a further five years to the construction timeline. The NSW Government has elected to proceed with the original plan for above ground lines.
AEMO’s 2022 Integrated System Plan (ISP) identified VNI West as a project to be progressed urgently but did not identify any other major transmission developments in the region in the 'most likely' scenario.
The modelling for the PACR also does not forecast further major 500kV network builds in the region to 2050.
Australia’s power system is going through a once-in-a-generation transformation. It is not expected that transmission investment at the current scale and pace will need to continue once the power system has transformed to a low-emission system.
There will always be growth in renewable generation and demand that will require network upgrades, but, absent of a major technology disruptor, these will be minor.
Per the 2022 ISP, there is no second line forecast for VNI West. Rather, there are other future projects forecast elsewhere in Victoria to support renewable energy development in other regions.
In general, as we look at identifying the best option for a transmission route, TCV will seek to identify options that avoid flood prone areas as much as practical, while also considering all other relevant constraints.
Flood and weather risks are considered through the design, construction and operational phases of a high voltage transmission project.
During the design phase of a transmission infrastructure project, towers and terminal stations are designed:
Transmission network service providers (TNSPs) are committed to managing flood and weather risks associated with the electricity transmission network assets.
Typically, major transmission infrastructure would not be located on the immediate roadside due to potential road safety, public safety and transmission infrastructure safety risks.
Additionally, many public road reserves are not wide enough to accommodate major infrastructure and can also be areas of environmental sensitivity as they often contain important remnant vegetation in areas where clearing for agricultural uses has historically occurred.
The design will consider locating infrastructure parallel to fence lines running adjacent to roads rather than in open paddocks.
AEMO has reviewed the PLAN B report, and there is a technical response on the AEMO website.
A number of issues have been identified in the report, including incorrect assumptions and overall, AEMO does not think it is a viable plan.
Please refer to the media release on the website for further info. Link to plan here
TCV has sought expressions of interest from community members to join a Community Reference Group (CRG) for VNI West.
The CRG will provide a forum for community members to collaborate with the VNI West project team through the planning and approvals process for this essential infrastructure project.
The CRG will assist the project team by:
It is expected the CRG will meet every two months and meetings may take place in person or online. Further detail including information about CRG members can be found in the Community section.
VNI West is a major infrastructure project representing a significant investment in north-west Victoria. It will deliver a range of benefits for all Victorians including lower electricity prices and improved energy security.
Wherever practicable, TCV will use local goods and services at every stage of the project. Flow-on employment benefits will be generated as the project brings demand for local and regional business services and goods.
There will be employment opportunities created for local communities with new jobs during the construction phase (from 2026) and for ongoing operations.
New business development such as renewable generation investment attracted to the area will also provide local economic benefits.
Landholders required to host infrastructure on their land will receive compensation for any loss of land value and productivity from the VNI West project. This is additional to payments under the Victorian government’s scheme to pay $8,000 per linear kilometre per annum for 25 years (indexed to CPI).
The Victorian Government is also establishing the Victorian Transmission Investment Framework, which is a new framework for how major electricity transmission infrastructure and Renewable Energy Zones are planned and developed.
As part of a package of reform measures to be introduced early in 2024, a REZ Development Fund will be established for communities hosting renewable energy infrastructure in Renewable Energy Zones. The purpose of the fund is to coordinate financial contributions by project proponents towards regional infrastructure and programs according to local needs and priorities.
We acknowledge that the prospect of hosting electricity transmission has caused anxiety and concern in some communities. If you or a friend or family member need support, we encourage you to reach out for help.
To ensure access to mental health support is available to community members, TCV has engaged a professional health and well-being support service. Members of the community can contact the Community Support Service to make an appointment to speak to a professional counsellor for free and confidential advice. Please call 1300 687 327 and reference 'VNI West'.
Other options for independent support services are listed below:
In the next stage of the project, TCV will continue to talk to landholders, Traditional Owners and communities in the draft corridor to provide information and seek input on important issues such as opportunities for community benefits and ongoing route refinement.
To provide feedback and inform this process, we encourage community members to get in touch by emailing us at firstname.lastname@example.org or calling us on 1800 824 221.
A Community Reference Group (CRG) has been established, meeting regularly to provide an important forum for community members to collaborate with the VNI West project team.
The CRG will provide local perspectives, provide feedback and input, and raise questions and concerns on behalf of the community. If you have something you would like the CRG to raise with TCV, please get in contact through the Chair David Hale via email CRGchair@rmcg.com.au.
More information about the CRG including a list of members can be found under Community.
Feedback from community and other stakeholders has been an essential part of project development, helping TCV to better understand community concerns, and to identify constraints and opportunities for locating the transmission infrastructure.
In the early stages, over 500 formal submissions were received during the PACR consultation process, providing important feedback and insights into community priorities and issues as the options for the project were assessed. This feedback including a discussion of key changes made to the PACR in response to submissions received is summarised in the PACR Volume 2 report.
As we worked through the process of developing a draft corridor, Community members, Traditional Owner groups, landholders and stakeholders provided numerous valuable insights including environmental, social and economic factors for consideration.
Through a program of community consultation, TCV learned vital details about farms and farming, about fragile ecosystems, endangered animals, special places and unique landmarks. People were encouraged to add constraints and opportunities to an online social pinpoint map, adding comments at specific geographic locations. TCV’s interactive map was visited more than 4,000 times and received more than 2,300 comments. These local issues and constraints were added to the information found in publicly available databases and other sources.
Some examples of community inputs include:
The Report into the Draft Corridor contains further detail on how feedback from the community has been considered in the route refinement process.
In the next stage of the project, feedback received through direct engagement with landholders, Traditional Owners and communities in the ~2 km draft corridor, will continue to be essential as we seek to build our understanding of how the land is used today to verify location constraints, and identify the best location for the transmission line easement to minimise land-use, cultural and environmental impacts.
A complaint can be made to us by phone, email or by letter. Enquiries can be made to us by phone or email. Before making a complaint (or enquiry), we encourage you to visit the VNI West Project website at www.transmissionvictoria.com.au. It is possible that our website may have the information you are seeking.
Contact our Community Engagement Team on the toll-free hotline 1800 824 221.
Email your complaint (or enquiry) to email@example.com.
Post your complaint to:
Manager Project Stakeholder and Community Engagement
GPO Box 2008
Melbourne VIC 3000
A copy of the Complaints Policy is available on the website.
As a part of the community consultation process for VNI West, the team are consulting with Traditional Owner groups impacted by the project to improve understanding of local sites or elements of importance which should be considered.
The engagement will also consider how VNI West may be able to provide positive outcomes and opportunities for Traditional Owner groups.
As the project progresses, Cultural Heritage Management Plans will be prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Aboriginal Heritage Act 2006 to investigate the potential impacts to Aboriginal cultural heritage and identify how heritage can be best protected.
This will be done together with Traditional Owner Groups, Registered Aboriginal Parties and First Peoples - State Relations.
Consultation with Traditional Owners will be ongoing throughout the life of the project.
The publication of the Project Assessment Conclusions Report (PACR) in May 2022 marked the end of the regulatory investment test consultation process for VNI West and identified a broad 5-50 km area of interest for the project. This process considered high level environmental, technical, social and cost considerations, and reflected input from consultation with key stakeholders.
The next step was to identify a draft corridor that will minimise impacts to communities and to environmentally and culturally sensitive areas. Constraints that must or should be avoided were identified based on detailed desktop analysis and expert workshops, along with information gathered through community and stakeholder discussions. These were outlined in an Environmental Constraints Summary Report, released in July 2023.
A draft corridor approximately 2 km wide was identified and announced in October 2023. Through direct engagement with landholders, Traditional Owners and communities in the corridor, TCV will build its understanding of how the land is used today to verify location constraints, and identify the best location for the transmission lines to minimise land-use, cultural and environmental impacts.
A comprehensive environmental assessment is required under government regulation and expert environmental, cultural heritage, geotechnical and other studies will be carried out across the corridor over 12-18 months.
Consultation, together with the results of expert technical studies, will provide important input into the siting of the final alignment within a 70m-120m wide transmission easement. TCV will negotiate an 'Options for easement' agreement with landholders where their land is identified as being needed for the infrastructure easement.
Construction is expected to commence from 2026 once all state and commonwealth government planning approvals have been obtained.
The PACR identifies a broad corridor that connects it to Western Renewables Link (WRL) at a new terminal station at Bulgana and crossing the Murray River north of Kerang. From there it will join EnergyConnect in New South Wales at the new Dinawan substation.
No. TCV is at the beginning of a comprehensive environmental and planning approval process for VNI West, which is expected to proceed for at least the next 2 years.
It is anticipated that TCV will be required to submit an Environment Effects Statement (EES) and is planning to submit an EES referral later this year.
The project cannot proceed without planning approvals from state and commonwealth governments.
Any environmental and planning approval process includes ongoing engagement and consultation with landholders, local communities, Traditional Owners and other stakeholders.
TCV is at the beginning of a comprehensive environmental and planning approval process for VNI West, which is expected to proceed for at least the next 2 years.
It is anticipated that TCV will be required to submit an Environment Effects Statement (EES) and is planning to submit an EES referral later this year. The EES process will require comprehensive studies into any potential environmental impacts and mitigations, including to wildlife, ecology and water.
The project cannot proceed without planning approvals from state and commonwealth governments.
The VNI West project was assessed in its early stages via a Regulatory Investment Test for Transmission (RIT-T). The RIT-T is an economic cost-benefit test; it is like a business case conducted early on in a transmission project, to determine if it will deliver economic benefits.
This regulatory process ensures energy users avoid paying more than necessary for electricity.
Various options were analysed as part of this process, and the preferred Option 5A was identified and described in the PACR, the final RIT-T report published in May 2023. Option 5A maximises benefits for consumers while meeting the power system needs. It established the broad area of interest for the project, including locations for connecting the project into the existing network.
Option 5A has been identified as the best option for VNI West based on a number of important measures, including that it will pick up more renewable generation in Victorian renewable energy zones than the proposed preferred option (Option 5) put forward for consideration in the additional Consultation Report.
Our analysis shows that VNI West Option 5A will deliver approximately $1.4 billion in net benefits and avoids the environmentally sensitive areas supporting the endangered Plains-wanderer, as well as areas of national cultural significance such as Ghow Swamp.
NEVA is an acronym for the National Electricity (Victoria) Act (2005). Orders can be made through this Act to fast-track important transmission projects such as VNI West.
In February 2023, the Victorian Minister for Energy and Resources issued a NEVA order, which allowed important cultural, social and environmental issues to be considered in the work to identify alternate pathways for VNI West that may help accelerate the project.
The Minister used powers under the NEVA to make a second Ministerial Order in May which identifies Option 5A as the best option for VNI West along with changes to the Western Renewables Link.
In 2022, community and stakeholders urged AEMO Victorian Planning (AVP) to do further analysis on the route option. This is why we published an additional Consultation Report in February and embarked on a six-week public community consultation process to raise project awareness and get feedback on an alternate proposed preferred option.
This work resulted in more than 500 formal submissions and this community and stakeholder feedback has influenced the preferred option for VNI West in the final regulatory report, the Project Assessment Conclusions Report or PACR.
Bushfire risk is considered at every stage of planning and design for a major project like VNI West.
The project must go through a strict regulatory environmental and planning approvals process before it is approved by government. As part of this, a detailed fire risk assessment must be conducted by an independent expert, which will require consultation and input from fire authorities including the CFA.
Energy Safe Victoria recently published a guide to bushfire management and community safety around transmission lines, addressing a range of key issues including how companies that own and maintain transmission lines can work with fire authorities to ensure that aerial firefighting is possible in the vicinity of transmission lines.
ESV also highlights that transmission lines like those planned for VNI West are unlikely to start fires. Design standards for transmission as well as the operation and maintenance of lines and towers mitigate the risk of fire and enable assets to withstand bushfire conditions.
Please see the Fire Safety section on the TCV website for more information.
After a large number of studies on the concerns and potential health impacts on individuals, the Australian Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Advisory (ARPANSA) has said there is no scientific evidence to establish that exposure to electromagnetic fields around the home, the office or near power lines causes health effects.
Despite this, a precautionary approach will be applied to managing electromagnetic fields, including targeting minimum setbacks from residences and monitoring power lines for electromagnetic field intensity. In addition to this, we commit to ongoing review of policies in line with the latest expert scientific information.
In general, when identifying a potential route TCV will seek to maximise setbacks to residential dwellings, areas of cultural heritage value, community and tourism infrastructure, and any other areas of social, cultural or environmental sensitivity.
A typical design guideline is a setback distance of 300 metres between the transmission line and a residence, although this is not always possible.
The VNI West 500 kV towers are usually between 60m and 80m high. Higher towers may be required in certain circumstances, such as rail or waterway crossings. In many instances higher transmission towers are easier for farmers to co-exist with because they allow a greater range of activities to be undertaken in and around the easement.
Towers are expected to be about 400 m apart with the lowest sag point to be determined during design, but likely to be about 15m from the ground.
The line is a double circuit line. This means it has 6 phases (conductor bundles) on the same tower. It is not two lines, kilometres apart.
The alignment will require an easement roughly between 70m and 120m wide, depending on design. The footings for the towers will be approximately 15 – 20m2, and the buffer around the base of the tower is approximately 5m and is not fenced.
Actual dimensions will be determined as part of the detailed design, following discussions with individual landholders. To some degree the design can be adapted to minimise impact on land-use.
The following farming practices can take place under transmission lines and within easements:
Cropping, grazing, market gardens and orchards.
Most farming equipment, including heavy machinery such as headers of up to 5m in height can travel and operate under 500kV lines in Victoria
Machinery at a height of between 5 and 8.6 m may be able to operate subject to a safety assessment.
Centre pivot and lateral moving irrigators are permitted to operate subject to a safety assessment, however gun irrigators are prohibited.
Micro-siting will seek to ensure that towers and lines avoid important parts of farms.
Consideration of the advent of larger autonomous farming vehicles or the greater use of drones and robotics would be part of the discussions farmers and landholders will have their appointed landholder liaison officer.
There is no 'permit' issued to a landholder for farm activities. Rather, the TNSP (e.g. AusNet or Transgrid) needs to assess the safe clearance of machinery to overhead lines, structures and underground components (such as earthings), and then agree to 'allow' the activity and provide guidance on site-specific safety considerations.
As such, there is no permit cost for agricultural activity, and a re-assessment would only be required if new machinery extended outside previously agreed safe limits.
The only foreseeable case where a formal permit or clearance should be sought would be where a landholder needs to conduct excavation works below surface soil, which would require a landholder to contact Before You Dig Australia (formerly Dial Before You Dig) to ensure the works won't impact underground assets such as electricity or telecommunications cabling, pipelines, and other underground infrastructure.
There are no significant health risks to those living close to high voltage transmission lines.
500kV transmission lines generally emit 10-50mG at the edge of a high voltage transmission line easement and 20-200mG directly under a high voltage transmission line.
This is significantly below the international standard for human exposure limit of 2,000 mG As recommended by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP 2010).
There have been almost 3,000 studies carried out in relation to EMFs and the scientific evidence does not establish that exposure to EMFs found around the home, the office, near power transmission lines or other common electrical sources is a hazard to human health.
The flow of electrical energy through the transmission lines is unlikely to affect GPS signals as detailed in our Farming and Transmission Fact Sheet.
There can be a small effect on GPS signals if you are under or right alongside a tower, which is referred to as multipathing and associated with being too close to a steel structure such as a tower, windmill, shed or any other metal structure.
The effect is only noticeable within about 3m of the metal object.
Equipment manufacturers are also responsible for ensuring that devices comply with Australian Standards, which ensure that equipment used in various settings - including agriculture - has built-in resilience to potential interference from everyday sources, including powerlines.
Transmission lines should not have an impact on digital agriculture.
If required, TCV will pay for the remapping of GPS for impacted landholders, to help minimise any impacts from transmission on agricultural activities.
Manned aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles such as drones are currently prohibited within transmission line easements due to safety risks and potential damage to electricity infrastructure.
Autonomous vehicles are permitted to travel under the lines and operate vehicles up to 5m in height without a safety assessment (and can operate between 5m and 8.6m, subject to a safety assessment which must be sought prior to operating. Maximum height cannot exceed 8.6m).
As new technologies develop TCV will continue to work with asset managers and other relevant authorities to understand whether these prohibitions are still appropriate.
Yes – wherever possible properties will be remediated. Rehabilitation will be negotiated with landholders as part of the easement agreement.
Landholders in the 2km draft corridor will be contacted by a landholder liaison from August 21.
These discussions will initially focus on understanding how the land is used, how land can be accessed with minimum disruption, how impacts of transmission infrastructure could be minimised, and where there may be opportunities to create shared value during construction.
For example, new access tracks, improved fencing or other maintenance works could provide a lasting benefit post-construction.
In recognition of landholder time and participation required throughout the route selection process, a participation fee will be offered to eligible landholders.
Once access protocols have been agreed, clear schedules detailing requirements for access will be provided, with input from landholders, so that disruption to farming or business operations can be reduced to the extent possible.
This will include complying with any reasonable biosecurity requests.
Should transmission infrastructure need to be hosted on your land following the route selection process, then your landholder liaison will look to negotiate an option for easement with you. They will be able to provide information on the compensation process.
For more information on what to expect as an impacted landholder, please look at our Landholder Guide, there is a link from the homepage of this website.
At the time of publication of this FAQ, TCV cannot access private land without the consent of the landholder. We need your consent. Our strong preference is always to work with you to reach agreement on voluntary land access arrangements.
There may be circumstances where we cannot reach voluntary agreement on accessing land. Where such a voluntary agreement cannot be reached, an ‘electricity corporation’ may be able to access land for specific purposes and undertake certain works and other activities on land, under section 93 of the Electricity Industry Act 2000 (Vic) (the EIA).
An ‘electricity corporation’ for the purposes of the EIA is a person who holds a licence granted under the EIA to generate, transmit or distribute electricity. At the time of publication of this guide, TCV is not an ‘electricity corporation’ under the EIA and cannot access land using the powers outlined in section 93.
In the future, TCV may become an ‘electricity corporation’ for the purposes of the EIA. If that occurs, TCV may seek to rely upon section 93 of the EIA for specific access requirements.
If TCV became an ‘electricity corporation’ under the EIA and TCV sought to rely upon section 93 powers, TCV would have to:
Follow all statutory requirements including those set out in the EIA;
Comply with the Essential Services Commission’s Statement of Expectations and the Land Access Code of Practice (when released by the ESC);
Do as little damage as possible and pay compensation if required under the EIA for any damage resulting from the exercise of the section 93 powers; and
where possible, provide reasonable notice to affected landowners, prior to accessing land under the section 93 powers.
TCV has a responsibility to minimise the risks of its activities introducing pests, weeds, animal/plant diseases and contaminants onto private or public land. We have developed policy in relation to staff training, planning, communications, washdown procedures and reporting to limit these risks (see our Biosecurity Fact Sheet).
Before accessing land, the TCV Landholder Liaison will work with landholders to identify all biosecurity requirements for their property, and agree on appropriate management plans. These will be detailed and documented in the Land Access Agreement.
The Essential Services Commission will publish its Land Access Code of Practice in November, which will outline obligations for electricity companies accessing land. TCV, Transgrid and its land consultants will adhere to the code, particularly in relation to important issues such as biosecurity.
The land team will be seeking agreements to access some properties for environmental surveys.
These agreements will set out the conditions under which field surveys can take place on a property and will stipulate any specific requirements such as how and when our field survey team can enter a property, and biosecurity controls.
In this early phase of land engagement, the field work we are proposing is predominantly ecological studies, with environmental experts carrying out non-invasive surveys as they look as they look for evidence of sensitive habitats and seek to identify and quantify species in an area.
It is worth noting that signing a land access agreement does not mean that a landholder agrees to have transmission infrastructure on their property. The access agreements are for field studies only.
If a property is eventually confirmed as the location for the final easement, a separate process of negotiation will be undertaken with the landholder for a “Option for Easement” agreement, which will include the amount of compensation and the terms for land access for VNI West construction and ongoing operations (as outlined in the Landholder Guide).
TCV wishes to negotiate land access for a two-year term. This will allow us to undertake field surveys (in some cases) and better understand your land, including how to minimise any impact on the property should the transmission run across your land.
The landholder will be entitled to a $10,000 participation payment upon entering into an initial two-year land access agreement (LAA). This payment is made up of two $5,000 payments (i.e. made over two years.)
The payment is in recognition of the landowner’s time and effort spent in negotiating access. It will be paid regardless of whether the property ultimately falls within the transmission route.
The TCV compensation process described in the Landholder Guides does not apply to neighbouring properties.
VicGrid is developing guidance to set clear expectations for managing impacts on neighbouring landholders that are ‘significantly impacted’ by nearby transmission projects, which the project will comply with.
Further information will be available in late 2023. See the VTIF Consultation website
TCV will work with each landholder to create a Property Management Plan (PMP) specific to the easement on their property.
It is planned for the PMP to be an attachment of the easement agreement (Option Deed) entered into with each landholder.
The agreed PMP will specify any required temporary fencing of the construction workspace, including access crossings (if required), as well as any other construction impacts and mitigation methods that the project can implement to ensure the broader property can continue to be utilised as usual.
Where there is any productivity or access loss, this impact and cost will be discussed with each landholder, specific to their property, as part of the compensation negotiations.
The final easement will be approximately 70m-120m wide and will not be fenced.
No, an easement will be registered over the land for the transmission infrastructure.
An easement is registered on the title of the land to ensure it is accurately shown in searches of the land title.
The easement can only be changed or removed from the land title with agreement of both the landholder and grantee of the easement.